What Is Tissue Culture?

Tissue culture is a technique used in plant propagation that involves growing cells, tissues, organs or whole plants in an aseptic environment. The process is carried out under controlled environmental and nutritional conditions that allow the cultures to grow and multiply efficiently. The end goal of tissue culture is to produce identical clones of plants that are true-to-type and exhibit the same characteristics as the parent plant. This method has become increasingly popular among horticulturists and plant scientists who seek to propagate rare or valuable plant species or genetically modify them for research purposes. Tissue culture has proven to be a useful tool in modern agriculture and horticulture, allowing growers to rapidly multiply plants and ensure consistency and uniformity in their crops.

Tissue culture is the growth of tissues or cells in an artificial medium separate from the parent organism. This technique is also called micropropagation. This is typically facilitated via use of a liquid, semi-solid, or solid growth medium, such as broth or agar. Tissue culture commonly refers to the culture of animal cells and tissues, with the more specific term plant tissue culture being used for plants.